People flock to Barcelona to see Antoni Gaudí’s modernist architecture. Barcelonian architecture is, in addition, also highly affected by many other unnoticed, creative Catalonian artists and architects. In this article you will find information about Gaudí and 3 other influencers on the architecture in Barcelona.
Antoni Gaudí i Cornet
Suffering from a serious rheumatic disorder as a child helped Gaudí develop his astonishing talent for observing nature. Gaudí claimed that nature was his only teacher and he completely devoted himself to architecture. Antoni Gaudí provided new architectural solutions based on the shapes he observed in the nature. Experts moves this unique language outside of the Modernist style and place it closer to organist naturalism. This nature-loving architect is the only architect in the world with 8 pieces of work that have been declared UNESCOS World Heritage sites. 7 of them are in Barcelona.
Antoni Gaudí’s work in Barcelona:
- Sagrada Familia
- Casa Milà
- Casa Batlló
- Park Güell
- Palau Güell
Josep Maria Jujol
Visitors will sooner or later find themselves in Park Güell, admiring the view of the city. Probably they will be sitting on one of the beautiful curved benches made of different coloured tiles. For many people, the benches of Park Güell are the essence of Gaudí, but in fact they are work of Gaudís design partner, Josep Maria Jujol.
Josep Maria Jujol’s work in Barcelona:
- Casa Planells
- Sanctuary of Monserrat
- Benches in Park Güell
- Facade of Casa Battló
Benches in Park Güell, Barcelona
Jujol and Gaudí first met when Gaudí invited Jujol to work with him on the facade of Casa Batlló in in Barcelona in the Passeig de Gràcia. The Casa Battló is one of Gaudí’s most loved and most visited creations. The facade is considered as being Jojoba’s work entirely.
Facade of Casa Battló, Barcelona
The young architect Josep Maria Jujol enjoyed working alongside Antoni Gaudí on some of his amazing buildings and architectural creatings. Jujol brought colour and life to Gaudí’s work which is especially relevant. Besides having big influence on Park Güell, Jujol had big impact on the altar at Colonia Güell, the balconies on Casa Milà, and the emblem on the Torre Bellesguard in Barcelona. Unfortunately, Josep Maria Jujol’s contribution to Antoni Gaudí’s work and his own creations, have often been overlooked.
Colonia Güell Altar, Barcelona
Lluís Domènech i Muntaner
Lluís Domenèch is today known for his big impact on Art Nouveau and he is considered as one of the masters and founders of the modernista style. Besides being an architect, Lluís Domenèch was furthermore a teacher. For two years, Domenèch was a senior for Gaudí at the Barcelona School of Architecture. Lluís Domenèch designed majestic corners on buildings with cylindrical shapes, galleries and small temples or groups of sculptures. Domenèch’s character is considered rather rebellious which is reflected in the Hospital de Sant Pau.
Lluís Domenèch’s works in Barcelona:
- Hospital de Santa Creu i de Sant Pau (UNESCO World Heritage Sites)
- Palau de la Música Catalana (UNESCO World Heritage Sites)
- Building of the Fundació Antoni Tàpies
- Castell dels tres Dragons in the Parc de la Ciutadella
Hospital de Santa Creu i de Sant Pau, Barcelona
Josep Puig i Cadafalch
First of all, Josep Puig Cadafalch was not only an architect. He was also a Catalan nationalist politician. Cadafalch was exiled to Paris during the Spanish Civil War. When he returned to Barcelona, Franco’s regime didn’t allow him from working as an architect. Due to fear of political punishment, Cadafalch hid all his personal files relating to his life as a politician and architect in his house. His family found the files almost 80 years later.
Josep Puig Cadafalch decorated all the facades of the buildings with many small sculptures, and he signed each of them with the sculpture of Sant Jordi. The sculpture shows the patron saint of Catalonia on horseback fighting against the dragon.
The 4 Roman-style pillars on the current Font Màgica de Montjuïc, also called the Magic Fountain of Montjuïc, represent the 4 stripes on the Catalan flag. Furthermore, they represent the columns Cadafalch created a century ago at the same place. In 1928, the columns were knocked down because they were regarded as a Catalan symbol. The columns were rebuild in his honour in 2010.
Josep Puig Cadafalch’s works in Barcelona:
- Casa Macaya
- Casa Amatller
- Las Cuatro Columnas
- Casa de les Punxes
- Casa Martí – Els 4Gats
Las Cuatro Columnas, Barcelona
Casa Amatller, Barcelona
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